Pleistocene Park

Building of the Park started in 1996. At that time was built first 50 ha paddock and were introduced first animals – horses and moose. In 2004-2005 was built bigger fence with put boundary around 1600 ha territory. After that first reindeers were introduced. In 2010 first group of musk ox from Wrangel were brought to the park, and in spring of 2011 first bison and wapiti appeared in the park.

Park is located 25 km to the south from the Station. Approximately 60% of the current park territory is situated in the flood plain. There dominate willow shrubland and tussock grasslands. Rest of the territory is situated on the yedoma hills, and mostly dominated by larch forest and drained lake alas grasslands.

Steam drilling machine is a net of metal tubes inside the fire place filled with water. When fire is burning water boil and produced steam under pressure is transported by rubber pipes into the spear with a several sprayers in the end. One meter of permafrost such a machine usually thaw in 5-15 minutes depending on the ground quality. Hardest type of ground is a frozen peat. Spear couldn’t penetrate through peat fast so to already thawed part of peat was heated to the point it started boiling and splashes of hot peat going from the hole seriously hardened the life of a person who worked on that drilling machine (me). On the peat we installed only 4 logs per day. Overall drilling process took us 40 days in 2004 and 7 days in 2005.